Year: 2021

Tundish Powder

Tundish Powder During continuous casting of steel, liquid steel is poured from ladle to tundish where its flow is divided to each strand of the continuous casting machine. The role of the tundish is not only to act as the dispenser of the liquid steel, but also it is the last major reactor where refining …

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Corporate Communication and Public Relations

Corporate Communication and Public Relations A major criterion for the success of an organization is the perception of the public about the organization. What the general public, competitors, and employees perceive about the organization is what defines its respectability, its position, and ultimately its success. The primary objective of corporate communication and public relations is …

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Automation Control and Modelling of Electric Arc Furnace

Automation Control and Modelling of Electric Arc Furnace The electric arc furnace (EAF) constitutes the main process in scrap / DRI (direct reduced iron) based steelmaking and the second most important steelmaking process route in terms of global steel production. It is the main process for recycling of ferrous scrap. It was invented in 1889 …

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Belt Conveyor Idlers

Belt Conveyor Idlers Belt conveyor idlers are the rollers which are used at certain spacing for supporting the active as well as return side of the conveyor belt. Accurately made, rigidly installed and well maintained idlers are very important for smooth and efficient running of a belt conveyor. Important requirements for idlers are proper support …

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Organizational Decision Making

Organizational Decision Making Decision making is a fundamental function of the management. It is the basic activity of the management. It reflects the success and failure of the management and the organization which mainly hinges upon the quality of decisions. The decision making role of the management is the ‘heart’ of the executive activities in …

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Blast Furnace Process Automation, Measurement, and Control System

Blast Furnace Process Automation, Measurement, and Control System The efficient operation of the modern blast furnace needs a high degree of automation in conjunction with a measuring system and a monitoring and control system. The blast furnace process control system in combination with the blast furnace optimization system creates a high level in intelligent blast …

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Low Alloy Steels

Low Alloy Steels Alloying elements are added in the steels for various reasons which include improved corrosion resistance and / or improved mechanical properties at low or elevated temperatures. Alloying elements are also used to improve the hardenability of quenched and tempered steel. The term ‘alloy steel’ is used for those steels which have got …

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Management of Industrial Relations

Management of Industrial Relations  A large number of employees are needed for the functioning of an industrial organization. For the organization to perform well, management and the employees need to have pleasant relations. The control and the managing of human relation between the employees and the management are known as industrial relations. Industrial relations form …

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Green Steelmaking

Green Steelmaking The average annual temperature of the earth is rising since the industrial revolution. This is mainly due to the burning of the fossil fuels which increase the emissions of carbon di-oxide (CO2) in the atmosphere. Prior to the industrial revolution, 280 ppm (0.028 %) of the atmospheric air consisted of CO2, and this …

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Hot Work Die Steel

Hot Work Die Steel Hot work die steels find their use in hot forming processes. Hot forming processes are among the oldest and most important metal forming processes and accounts for a large percentage of metal products. Hot metal forming consists of a forming process either by plastic deformation or solidification where the metal is …

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