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Low Alloy Steels

Low Alloy Steels Alloying elements are added in the steels for various reasons which include improved corrosion resistance and / or improved mechanical properties at low or elevated temperatures. Alloying elements are also used to improve the hardenability of quenched and tempered steel. The term ‘alloy steel’ is used for those steels which have got …

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Management of Industrial Relations

Management of Industrial Relations  A large number of employees are needed for the functioning of an industrial organization. For the organization to perform well, management and the employees need to have pleasant relations. The control and the managing of human relation between the employees and the management are known as industrial relations. Industrial relations form …

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Green Steelmaking

Green Steelmaking The average annual temperature of the earth is rising since the industrial revolution. This is mainly due to the burning of the fossil fuels which increase the emissions of carbon di-oxide (CO2) in the atmosphere. Prior to the industrial revolution, 280 ppm (0.028 %) of the atmospheric air consisted of CO2, and this …

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Hot Work Die Steel

Hot Work Die Steel Hot work die steels find their use in hot forming processes. Hot forming processes are among the oldest and most important metal forming processes and accounts for a large percentage of metal products. Hot metal forming consists of a forming process either by plastic deformation or solidification where the metal is …

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The Analytic Hierarchy Process

The Analytic Hierarchy Process All the people are decision makers fundamentally. Everything they do consciously or unconsciously is the result of some decision. The information they gather is for helping them to understand the occurrences, in order to develop good judgements to make decisions about those occurrences. Not all the information is useful for improving …

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Automation and Control System of Sinter Plant

  Automation and Control System of Sinter Plant Sintering process (Fig 1) is a metallurgical process carried out on a sintering machine. It is a thermal agglomeration process. The sintering process is an energy intensive process, in which a number of parameters have to be taken into account. The process is complex and involves various …

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High Speed Steels

High Speed Steels High speed steels forms a special class of highly alloyed tool steels, combining properties such as high hot hardness and high wear resistance. These are so named mainly because of their ability to machine materials at high cutting speeds. These steels have been widely adopted as the most basic material for cutting …

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Assessment and Management of Risks

Assessment and Management of Risks Risk is a situation involving exposure to danger. It implies that there is the possibility that something unpleasant is going to happen. The idea of risk embodies uncertainty about how the future is going to unfold in an increasingly complex, dynamic, and fast-changing environment. All technological developments have hazards associated …

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Automation, Control, and Measurement System of Coke Oven Plant

Automation, Control, and Measurement System of Coke Oven Plant Metallurgical coke is used in iron and steel industry processes (primarily in blast furnaces) for the reduction of e iron ore to iron and in foundries. Over 90 % of the total coke production is dedicated to blast furnace operations. Foundry coke comprises most of the …

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Cladding of steels

Cladding of steels There are several industries, such as, chemical and fertilizer industries, nuclear and steam power plants, food processing, and petrochemical industries etc., where corrosive environments are inevitable. Several process equipment / engineering components are exposed to the corrosive environment in these industries which reduces their service life. In such applications, materials (like duplex …

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