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Material discontinuities and their Types

Material discontinuities and their Types The aim of an inspection is to determine if the material being inspected is to be accepted or rejected. During the inspection, the inspector looks for the discontinuities in the material and identifies their nature and size. Then, those discontinuities are evaluated according to an acceptance criterion to determine whether …

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Employee Development for Organizational Success

Employee Development for Organizational Success Employees are key element of the organization. The success or failure of the organization depends on the performance of its employees. Although there are several factors which play a key role, the organization needs capable employees for its performance and to remain competitive. The organization needs employee development for making …

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Analysis by X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

Analysis by X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry X-ray fluorescence (XRF), is an emission spectroscopic technique which has found wide application in the area of elemental identification and determination. The technique depends on the emission of characteristic x-radiation, normally in the 1 keV to 60 keV energy range, following excitation of atomic electron energy levels by an external …

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Welding and Joining Processes

Welding and Joining Processes Welding and joining processes are necessary for various engineering activities and in the development of virtually every manufactured product. However, these processes frequently appear to consume greater fractions of the product cost and to create more of the production difficulties than normally expected. There are a number of reasons for this. …

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Employee Commitment and Organizational Performance

Employee Commitment and Organizational Performance In the present day environment which is not only competitive but also changing very fast due to the accelerated technological advance, the organizations are facing new challenges regarding sustained productivity and having employees who are committed to the organization. In today’s environment, no organization can perform at peak levels unless …

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Metal Analysis by Optical Emission Spectroscopy

Metal Analysis by Optical Emission Spectroscopy Optical emission spectroscopic techniques originated in experiments performed in the mid 1800s, yet they remain some of the most useful and flexible means of performing elemental analysis. Free atoms emit light at a series of narrow wavelength intervals, when placed in an energetic environment. These intervals, termed emission lines, …

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Ultra-high Strength Steels

Ultra-high Strength Steels Structural steels with very high strength levels are normally called ultra-high strength steels (UHSS). The designation ultra-high strength is arbitrary since no universally accepted strength level for the term has been established. Also, as structural steels with greater and greater strength have been developed, the strength range for which the term is …

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Audit of Production Processes

Audit of Production Processes Production process is defined as a process of making and fabricating by converting the raw material (input) to finished good (output). An audit is the examination, verification, evaluation, assessment, and check activities. Hence, the production process audit can be defined as an activity to evaluate the process of making and fabricating …

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Continuous Casting Mould

Continuous Casting Mould In the continuous casting process, liquid steel flows from a ladle, through a tundish into the mould. The mould is regarded as the heart of the continuous casting process and plays a very important role in the efficiency of the process and the strand quality.  It is in the mould that the …

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Coated Steel Sheet

Coated Steel Sheet Steel sheet is frequently coated in coil form before fabrication either at the steel plants or by the specialists coating units. This coated sheet is ready for fabrication and use without further surface coating. Coated products yield lower production costs, improved product quality, shorter processing cycles, elimination of production hazards, conservation of …

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