Year: 2023

Types of Drawings used in a Project

Types of Drawings used in a Project¬† The use of drawings as a means of communication is as old as the existence of mankind. It is a well-known fact that drawing is a universal language allowing communication between people regardless of language barriers. This exchange of ideas and shape description is normally referred to as …

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Influence of Internal Environment on the Organization

Influence of Internal Environment on the Organization¬† The organization is a complex and dynamic socio-economic system. It has an open character, being a component of the economy and society. Integration of the organization into the environment in which it operates shows that the organization is not only in an adequate relationship with the environment, but …

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Operations in Steel Teeming Ladle in Steel Melting Shop

Operations in Steel Teeming Ladle in Steel Melting Shop The treatment of steel in the ladle has started around 1940s when the first ladle-to-ladle and ladle-to-ingot mould vacuum degassing processes for hydrogen removal has appeared on the scene. In the late 1950s, more efficient vacuum degassing units such as the Dortmund Hoerder (DH) and Ruhrstahl-Heraeus …

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Piles and Pile Foundation

Piles and Pile Foundation Foundations provide support to the structure and transfer the loads from the structure to the soil. But the layer at which the foundation transfers the load is required to have an adequate bearing capacity and suitable settlement characteristics. There are several types of foundations depending on different considerations such as total …

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Influence of External Environment on Organization

Influence of External Environment on Organization Organization is regarded as a human activity which is concerned with the production and distribution of goods and service. It is a social facility by which societies organize economic efforts. Most specifically, an organization is the sum total of the organized efforts by which the people engaged in commerce …

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Welding Metallurgy

Welding Metallurgy Joining of two metal elements by means of welding consists in the formation of a weld between these two elements. The weld is composed of molten, mixed and, eventually, solidified metal of the edges of welded elements as well as of filler metal (consumable). In principle, melting of metal during welding as well …

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Equipment Foundation Design

Equipment Foundation Design Heavy equipments with reciprocating, impacting, or rotating masses needs a support system which can resist dynamic forces and the resulting vibrations. When excessive, such vibrations can be detrimental to the equipments, its support system, and any operating personnel subjected to them. The super-structure of vibrating and rotating equipments is known as equipment …

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Organizational Stakeholders

Organizational Stakeholders Stakeholders are those persons who are affected by or have an effect on the organization. Stakeholders can also include people who have a strong interest in the organization for academic, philosophical, or political reasons, even though they and their families, friends, and associates are not directly affected by the organization. One way to …

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Shearing of Sheet, Strip, and Plate

Shearing of Sheet, Strip, and Plate Shearing is a method for cutting a metal piece into smaller pieces using a shear blade to force the metal past an opposite shear blade in a progression form. Shearing is widely used to divide large, flat metal such as sheet, strip, and plate. Shearing is a fast and …

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Piping Design and Pipeline Engineering

Piping Design and Pipeline Engineering The art of design and construction of piping systems and pipelines dates back to the earliest civilizations. Its progress reflects the steady evolution of cultures around the world e.g., the needs of developing agricultures, the growth of cities, the industrial revolution and the use of steam power, the discovery and …

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