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Load Lifting Slings

Load Lifting Slings Slings are accessories used for lifting and transferring of loads with the help of cranes, telphers, or hoists. Slings enable in the activities related to create anchors, attach to loads, lift loads, pull loads, and lower loads. The dominant characteristics of a sling are determined by the components from which it is …

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BF Coke and its Role in Blast Furnace

BF Coke and its Role in Blast Furnace The raw materials for a blast furnace (BF) normally consist of three types of materials namely (i) metallic materials (sinter, pellets, and calibrated ore lumps or briquettes), (ii) fuels (coke, pulverized coal, oil, and natural gas) and fluxes (limestone, dolomite, and quartzite). Metallic materials, fluxes and coke …

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Refractory Lining of Coreless Induction Furnace

Refractory Lining of Coreless Induction Furnace In steel melting shops of low capacities, induction furnace is preferred as a convenient melting unit because of its high efficiency, low energy consumption, easy operational control, and good performance with various kinds of steel scrap. The induction furnace is an electrical furnace in which the heat is applied …

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Roll chocks in Rolling Mill

Roll chocks in Rolling Mill Rolling mills for rolling of steel differ in many aspects with each other. The rolling mills are of different sizes and capacities. The mills roll steel materials of different cross-sections, sizes and qualities and in material conditions which are either hot or cold. The mills have different configurations and speeds …

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Continuous Casting Machines and their Types

Continuous Casting Machines and their Types Continuous casting (CC) is a process of producing an infinite solid strand from liquid steel by continuously solidifying it as it moves through a CC machine. It is the predominant process route in a modern steel plant which links steelmaking with hot rolling of steel. In the CC machine, …

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Rolling Mill Cooling Bed

Rolling Mill Cooling Bed A rolling mill cooling bed is used for the uniform air cooling of the rolled materials (bars or profiles usually referred as ‘bars’) and transport it in a phased manner from the entry side of the cooling bed to its discharge side. It transfers the bars one by one to the …

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Shearing Process and Shears

Shearing Process and Shears Shearing is a simple process used for the cutting of metals. It is basically a metal fabrication process and is being used in rolling mills at several places for hot as well as for cold cutting of the steel material. Shears can be used to cut steel and other materials of …

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Guniting Refractory Maintenance and Guniting Refractories

Guniting Refractory Maintenance and Guniting Refractories Guniting of refractory materials has evolved in importance with modern steelmaking technology, and largely because of it. Guniting was seen by farsighted steelmakers as the only practical means of maintaining the steelmaking furnaces, particularly of countering the grossly uneven wear sustained by the linings. The steel industry has invested …

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Iron and Steel Scrap and its Recycling

Iron and Steel Scrap and its Recycling Iron and steel scrap also known as ‘ferrous metal scrap’ is a recyclable material which is left- over during the production of iron and steel products and fabrication of ferrous materials or generated at end of life of the ferrous products. Ferrous scrap is normally recycled during steelmaking. …

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Rolling Mill and its Technological Equipments

Rolling Mill and its Technological Equipments Rolling is a continuous process, during which the input material is deformed between the rotating work rolls. Rolling mill is the place where rolling takes place. The roll gap (a gap between the work rolls) is smaller than the material entry height. As per the direction of passing the …

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