Day: September 6, 2022

X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) Spectrometer

X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) Spectrometer X-ray fluorescence (XRF) is used to detect and measure the concentration of elements in substances. Fluorescence is the phenomena of absorbing incoming radiation and reradiating it as lower-energy radiation. X-rays are part of the electromagnetic spectrum with energies ranging from 0.1 keV to 100 keV (Fig 1a). X-rays are produced by …

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Organizational Ethics and Values and their Importance

Organizational Ethics and Values and their Importance Corporate governance refers to the system by which an organization is directed and controlled. One of the goals of corporate governance is to create a set of internal mechanisms to ensure sound managerial decisions are made, considering the rights and responsibilities of various stakeholders, together with the ethical …

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Nozzle Clogging

Nozzle Clogging The disorder of casting process because of nozzle clogging is a long-standing issue ever since the continuous casting process has been introduced. Nozzle clogging is the build-up of solid or semi-solid material on a refractory surface which can become problematic during steel pouring, as it can affect the stream dynamics, reduce the pouring …

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