Year: 2020

Grease and Grease Lubrication

Grease and Grease Lubrication  Grease is a semi solid lubricant. It is a mixture consisting of natural or synthetic oil base combined with thickeners and additives. It generally consists of a soap emulsified with mineral or vegetable oil.The National Lubricating Grease Institute (NLGI) defines grease as ‘a solid to semi-solid product of dispersion of a thickening agent in a liquid lubricant. Additives imparting special …

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Employee Organizational Commitment

Employee Organizational Commitment In the present day environment, the workplace is changing dramatically and its demands for the highest quality of product and service are increasing. To remain competitive in the face of these pressures, employee organizational commitment is crucial. The benefits of having the best trained employees using the most advanced technology can be …

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Lubrication and Lubricating Oils

Lubrication and Lubricating Oils The principle of supporting a sliding load on a friction reducing film is known as lubrication. The substance of which the film is composed is a lubricant, and to apply it is to lubricate. All liquids provide lubrication of a sort, but some do it a great deal better than others. …

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Employee Motivation and Organizational Performance

Employee Motivation and Organizational Performance An organization consists of a large or small group of individuals which is working under the direction of a management and a system for the accomplishment of certain common objectives. The individuals forming the group are the employees of the organization who contribute their efforts towards the achievement of the …

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Steel Cleanliness and Clean Steel Technologies

Steel Cleanliness and Clean Steel Technologies Steel cleanliness is an important factor which decides the quality of the steel. It can have a remarkable influence on steel properties, such as tensile strength, formability, toughness, weldability, cracking-resistance, corrosion resistance, and fatigue-resistance etc. The demand for better mechanical properties of steels from the steel consumers has urged …

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Straightening Machines in Flat Rolling Mills

Straightening Machines in Flat Rolling Mills Metal straightening or levelling process is used for straightening different type of steel materials like rounds, sections, pipes and flat products after their rolling. The rolled steel material gets deformed during cooling after rolling due to the residual stresses and often has the surface defects in cold condition such …

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Energy Audit in Steel Plant

Energy Audit in Steel Plant Iron and steel plants have a large number of processes which involves different cycles such as heating, cooling, melting, and solidification. These processes are highly energy intensive. There are also several forms of energies which are being used in these plants. Further, these plants not only have high specific consumption …

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Electroslag Remelting Process

Electroslag Remelting Process Electroslag remelting (ESR) is the abbreviated name given to electroslag consumable electrode remelting and secondary refining process. It is a secondary steelmaking process which is used for remelting and refining of steels and special alloys normally used for critical applications in aircraft, thermal and nuclear power plants, and defence hardware, etc. The …

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Heat Treatment Processes for Steel

Heat Treatment Processes for Steel Steels can be heat treated to produce a large range of microstructures and properties. Generally, heat treatment uses phase transformation during heating and cooling to change the microstructure in a solid state. In heat treatment, the processing is normally thermal and which modifies only the structure of the steel. In …

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