Year: 2020

Hadfield Manganese Steel

Hadfield Manganese Steel Hadfield steel also known as Hadfield steel or Hadfield austenitic manganese steel was invented by Sir Robert Hadfield in 1882. The first British patent for this steel, number 200 was granted for this steel in 1883. The first US patents, numbers 303150 and 303151, were granted in 1884. Fig 1 shows the …

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Role of Coordination in the Organization

Role of Coordination in the Organization The organization consists of several components which are broad and complex. Hence, for carrying out its operations for achieving a balanced organizational performance, coordination is a necessary activity. Coordination is central to the very existence of an organization. It plays a fundamental role in the organization’s operational activities Different …

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Automation and Thickness Control in Hot Strip Mill

Automation and Thickness Control in Hot Strip Mill The economic efficiency of metal rolling processes is strongly correlated to the quality level of the end-rolled products. Rolling of flat steel products is a complex process where the quality of the product is influenced by a range of factors such as incoming material, mechanical and electrical …

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Rolling Mill Stands

Rolling Mill Stands The purpose of rolling is to convert material of large cross-sections of long work pieces into smaller sections of various shapes. This deformation is accomplished by applying compressive forces through a set of two rolls which rotate in opposite directions, the space between the rolls being less than the thickness of the …

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Organizational Culture and Employee Behaviour

Organizational Culture and Employee Behaviour The organization consists of a collectivity with a relatively identifiable boundary, a normative order (rules), ranks of authority (hierarchy), communications system, and membership coordinating systems (procedures). The organization has its goals and human resources as well as constraints. Organizational employees have skills, knowledge, needs, and values pertaining to work and …

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Shape and Gauge Control of Strip in a Cold Rolling Mill

Shape and Gauge Control of Strip in a Cold Rolling Mill The economic efficiency of metal rolling processes is strongly correlated to the quality level of the end-rolled products. The latest efforts to increase the quality of the end rolled products in rolling processes have been mainly focused on the large-scale application and use of …

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Material discontinuities and their Types

Material discontinuities and their Types The aim of an inspection is to determine if the material being inspected is to be accepted or rejected. During the inspection, the inspector looks for the discontinuities in the material and identifies their nature and size. Then, those discontinuities are evaluated according to an acceptance criterion to determine whether …

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Employee Development for Organizational Success

Employee Development for Organizational Success Employees are key element of the organization. The success or failure of the organization depends on the performance of its employees. Although there are several factors which play a key role, the organization needs capable employees for its performance and to remain competitive. The organization needs employee development for making …

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Analysis by X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

Analysis by X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry X-ray fluorescence (XRF), is an emission spectroscopic technique which has found wide application in the area of elemental identification and determination. The technique depends on the emission of characteristic x-radiation, normally in the 1 keV to 60 keV energy range, following excitation of atomic electron energy levels by an external …

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Welding and Joining Processes

Welding and Joining Processes Welding and joining processes are necessary for various engineering activities and in the development of virtually every manufactured product. However, these processes frequently appear to consume greater fractions of the product cost and to create more of the production difficulties than normally expected. There are a number of reasons for this. …

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