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Abnormalities and Failures of Rolling Mill Rolls

Abnormalities and Failures of Rolling Mill Rolls Rolls are changing parts of a rolling mill which are used to reduce the cross section and shape of the material being rolled. They are highly stressed parts of a rolling mill and are subject to wear. They are used both in the flat product mills as well …

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Metallurgy of Rolling mill Rolls

Metallurgy of Rolling mill Rolls Rolls are implements or tools used in rolling mills to reduce the cross section of the material being rolled. They are highly stressed tools and are subject to wear. They are needed both for the rolling of sectional as well as flat products. In recent past, rolling technology has improved …

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Utilization Optimization of Ferroalloys during Steelmaking

Utilization Optimization of Ferroalloys during Steelmaking Ferroalloys are alloys of iron with a high percentage of one or more of other elements such as silicon (Si) and manganese (Mn) etc. They are brittle and unsuitable for direct use in fabricating of products of use. Ferroalloys are important raw materials for the steelmaking process. They are …

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Main Features of a Modern High Capacity Blast Furnace

Main Features of a Modern High Capacity Blast Furnace The performance of an integrated steel plant is highly dependent on the performance of its ironmaking units. In integrated steel plants, production of hot metal (HM) in a blast furnace (BF) is a preferred route globally for ironmaking. The specific cost of steel production is highly …

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Rolling of steel and major equipment in a Cross-country Rolling Mill

Rolling of steel and major equipment in a Cross-country Rolling Mill Most of the steel products are rolled from the cast products from continuous casting machine through a series of rolling and finishing operations. The process is called simple rolling, when two rolls of equal diameter and with axis lying in same plane rotate in …

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Enamel Coating on Steel

Enamel Coating on Steel The art and science of fusing glasses (now known as porcelain enamels or simply enamels) to the surfaces of metals dates back to the civilizations of ancient Egyptians and Persians. The earliest use was for jewelry where the enamel was fused to gold. By the middle-ages, the range of metals capable …

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Fusion Bonded Epoxy Coating of Steel

Fusion Bonded Epoxy Coating of Steel Fusion bonded epoxy (FBE) coating of steel materials is primer less, one-part, heat curable, thermosetting powdered epoxy coating which is designed to provide maximum corrosion protection to the substrate steel. It is a coating of very fast curing, thermosetting protective powder which utilizes heat to melt and adhere the …

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Tinplate and Process of Tinning

Tinplate and Process of Tinning Tinning or tinplating is the process of thinly coating sheet or strip of steel with tin (Sn), and the resulting product is known as tinplate. Tinplate is light gauge, cold-reduced low-carbon steel sheet or strip, coated on both faces with commercially pure tin. It combines the strength and formability of …

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Galvanizing of Steel

Galvanizing of Steel Galvanizing of steel means application of zinc on the steel for corrosion protection. The major types of commercially available methods for applying zinc coatings are hot dip galvanizing, continuous galvanizing process, electro-galvanizing, zinc plating, mechanical plating, zinc spraying, and zinc painting. Each of these zinc coating methods has unique characteristics. These characteristics …

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Carbon Capture and Storage Technologies

Carbon Capture and Storage Technologies Carbon capture and storage also called sequestration (CCS) involves the capture, transport, injection and containment of CO2 (carbon di-oxide) in geological structures such as depleted oil and gas reservoirs, onshore and offshore saline aquifers located deep in the earth’s crust, salt caverns or unmineable coal beds. It is both an …

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