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Green Steelmaking

Green Steelmaking The average annual temperature of the earth is rising since the industrial revolution. This is mainly due to the burning of the fossil fuels which increase the emissions of carbon di-oxide (CO2) in the atmosphere. Prior to the industrial revolution, 280 ppm (0.028 %) of the atmospheric air consisted of CO2, and this …

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Automation and Control System of Sinter Plant

  Automation and Control System of Sinter Plant Sintering process (Fig 1) is a metallurgical process carried out on a sintering machine. It is a thermal agglomeration process. The sintering process is an energy intensive process, in which a number of parameters have to be taken into account. The process is complex and involves various …

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Automation, Control, and Measurement System of Coke Oven Plant

Automation, Control, and Measurement System of Coke Oven Plant Metallurgical coke is used in iron and steel industry processes (primarily in blast furnaces) for the reduction of e iron ore to iron and in foundries. Over 90 % of the total coke production is dedicated to blast furnace operations. Foundry coke comprises most of the …

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Important aspects of Rolling of Hot Rolled Coil in Hot Strip Mill

Important aspects of Rolling of Hot Rolled Coil in Hot Strip Mill Continuous cast slabs having thicknesses higher than 200 mm are used to make hot rolled strip. The transformation of the slabs into sheets / plates with a thickness of only some millimeters is the most important phase during flat steel rolling. The operations …

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Life cycle assessment and steel sustainability

Life cycle assessment and steel sustainability The steel industry is the second largest industry in the world after oil and gas industry. Steel is used in almost every sector which ranges from building and construction, packaging, transportation industry, and power and renewable energy sector. Use of steel is found everywhere in the present day society. …

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Hydrogen and Decarbonization of Steel Production

Hydrogen and Decarbonization of Steel Production The main drivers for a sustainable energy future centre around the need to (i) reduce global carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and improve the air quality, (ii) ensure security of energy supply and move towards the use of sustainable energy resources, and (iii) create a new industrial and technological energy …

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Basic Concepts of Corrosion of Iron and Steel

Basic Concepts of Corrosion of Iron and Steel Iron and steel materials in practical use are normally exposed to corrosion in the atmospheric and aqueous environments. Corrosion is the deterioration of these materials by chemical interaction with their environment. It is one of the problems frequently encountered in the present day industrialized society. As per …

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Wastewater and Water Treatment Technologies

Wastewater and Water Treatment Technologies Cheap and plentiful, water was for centuries a production utility which the steel industry took for granted. But in the present scenario, water resources are becoming increasingly scarce due to the growing imbalance between fresh water availability and consumption, hence the access to clean and safe water has become one …

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Flue Gas Cleaning Technologies and Systems

Flue Gas Cleaning Technologies and Systems Environmental pollution is one of the biggest problems all over the world at present. From a series of global environmental problems, more and more people have now realized that environment and resources are the basic necessities for the survival and developments of human beings. Flue gases which are the …

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Rolling of Steel Plates in a Plate Rolling Mill

Rolling of Steel Plates in a Plate Rolling Mill Plate steel is defined as a flat, as-rolled or heat treated product of thickness of at least 5 mm and width of at least 1,200 mm. Plate steel is widely used steel product. It falls normally in the categories of carbon steel, high strength low alloy …

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